Thursday, January 27, 2011

Filename Expansion in Tcl

Stupid, stupid, Tcl. If you want to run a shell command with a glob filename, like *.h, you can't just do:

exec ls -l *.h

You have to explicitly tell Tcl to expand the glob, because it will pass *.h to the shell literally. But you also can't do:
exec ls -l [glob *.h]

because it will pass the entire list to the shell literally (thanks, Tcl, that's useful). You get lucky and it works if there is exactly one file matched by the glob. Otherwise ls will complain that there's no file called "a.h b.h c.h".

So what do you do? Unfortunately, if you pull up the man page for exec on the internet, it tells you a way to do this that is only syntactically valid for Tcl 8.5 or greater. For those of us living in the past, the demonic incantation you must utter is:
eval [list exec ls -l] [glob *.h]

Don't use Tcl unless you have to.

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Wednesday, January 26, 2011

C++ Static No Longer Deprecated

Wow, a long-held piece of geek trivia is no longer true.

This Stack Overflow article points out that in a recent draft of the upcoming C++0x revision to the C++ standard, file-scope static declarations are no longer deprecated. For, oh, 20 years, it's been one of those finer language points that you can whip out to show your sophistication and look down on the ignorant. But between the August 2010 draft (pdf) and the November 2010 draft (pdf), the section deprecating static has been struck!

If you're unfamiliar with the issue, it's that anonymous namespaces provide a more general solution to the multiply-defined symbol problem. Instead of:

static int num = 0;
static int read_num() { return num; }

the preferred C++ way to limit visibility of global objects to file scope was:

namespace {

int num = 0;
int read_num() { return num; }

} // anonymous namespace

The rationale is that you can put other symbols you wish to hide -- like class definitions -- in such a namespace, but static doesn't help you with those. As the most general solution to the problem, namespace wins and static loses. But I suppose that 20 years of failing to break people of the static habit led to a recent change of heart.

Suits me. I had been consistently using anonymous namespaces for quite a while, both to be modern and especially since it does frequently come up that I want a type that is only used in one file. But static declarations are better for self-documenting the code, so I am happy to welcome them back.

Only problem is, I need a new piece of C++ trivia to show off with.

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